Are you jogging between 140 to 190?

Hypertension treatment in bangalore

It’s a busy world. Isn’t it? All of us are working hard to make our life even better day in and out. We wake up, travel to work, work for any number of hours, come back and go to sleep and repeat so that we can reach our goal(s) every day. See what a perfect life we have, relaxed, calm, easy going, and serene. But in the process of our journey of pushing ourselves every day, we slowly see ourselves getting into stress. The days suddenly seem longer, the family is getting less of our time, so we push ourselves harder. This increased stress can lead to what we hear often from Doctors as Hypertension.

 

What is Hypertension and what causes it?

Hypertension is often called as the silent killer and rightly so because elevated blood pressure increases the load on the heart.

According to American Heart Association, 1 in 6 people suffer from increased blood pressure and are unaware of it.

Now let’s see what`s blood pressure, so when the blood is pushed inside the heart, the heart pumps the blood throughout the body and the pressure with which it is done or the process takes is called blood pressure. Now hypertension increases the work of the heart as the blood vessels become stiff thus increasing the pressure in the valves. This further causes stroke, Kidney damage, and even heart failure.

Hypertension treatments

What are the symptoms of Hypertension?

Hypertensive patients often do not have symptoms that will alert them to their condition but, headache and dizziness might be some of the causes

An extremely elevated Blood pressure can be associated with warning symptoms and signs such as

  • Moderate to a severe headache, pulsating in nature, often at the back of the head.
  • Fatigue and Tiredness.
  • Impaired vision.
  • Chest pain, especially at exertion.
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • An Irregular and loud beating of the heart.
  • Pounding in the chest.

 

So, how high is too high?

Blood pressure is measured in mm hg means millimeters of mercury.

Over years, various studies have been carried out to identify what should be your optimal systolic and diastolic blood pressures.

Normal: In between 80 to 120 (120/80)

Elevated: In between 120 to 129/less than 80

Level 1 high blood pressure: On between 130 to 139/ (80-89)

Level 2 high blood pressure: little over 140 and above/ (90 and above)

Extreme level Hypertension: higher than 180/higher than 120

 

When should I see a doctor?

It is important to recognize the warning signs and act if any of the symptoms listed above appear. However, often it is too late by the time the warning signs appear and the persistent increase in Blood Pressure can damage kidneys, heart, eyes, and brain.

However, it is even more important to identify if you are at risk for Hypertension.

Common Risk Factors are

  • Age: the older you are, the higher the chance of developing hypertension. Though, Sadly Age is No Longer a Bar in Today’s Era and Lifestyle.
  • Gender: Young males are more prone to develop elevated pressure until the age of 45. Post 60, women are at a higher risk.
  • Family History: If you have a parent, sibling or close relative who has high blood Pressure then chances are again very high that it may pass to their next generation too.
  • Sedentary Lifestyle: Irregular physical activity or no physical activity. Sitting, reading, sleeping for a long duration.
  • Unhealthy Diet: Not getting proper carbohydrate, proteins, vitamins supplement in the food or skipping the meals often.
  • Obesity: Abnormal body mass index (BMI) is an independent risk factor to develop hypertension.
  • Lifestyle: Irregular sleep, skipping meals, too much time in front of gadgets.
  • Alcohol or Smoking: Regularly engaging in smoking or drinking can contribute to damage arteries.

If detected early and kept in control, hypertension and its complications are easily manageable and patients can live a normal, symptom-free life.

 

Lifestyle and home remedies

Changes in the lifestyle can help you control and simultaneously prevent high blood pressure, here’s how:

  • Eat healthy foods: Eat a healthy diet focus more on fruits vegetables, whole grains, poultry, fish and low-fat dairy foods also try to get plenty of potassium, in your diet. Eat less saturated fat and Tran’s fat.
  • Decreasing the salt content: A lower sodium level will help in reducing diabetes or chronic kidney disease.
  • Maintain a proper BMI: Keeping a healthy weight can help you control your high blood pressure and lower your risk of related health problems. Also, it increases the fatigue in the body urging the body to do more work.
  • Increase physical activity: A regular visit to the gym or to the nearby park can increase your physical activity further enhancing your lifestyle.
  • Limiting alcohol: Alcohol can increase raise your blood pressure when consumed in large amounts
  • Quit smoking: If you smoke, ask your doctor and your family member to help you quit the same.
  • Manage stress: Reduce stress as much as possible. Regular physical activity, yoga and plenty of sleep can help you achieve the same.
  • Periodic monitoring of blood pressure: Get help from your family member to check your blood pressure at home. There is a different compact instrument which can be used to check the same.
  • Precautions in pregnancy: Although there is no cure as such for chronic hypertension, it is always suggestive to be healthy during pregnancy. Taking proper care of you in the best possible way.

 

Medication and Treatment of Hypertension

  • Thiazide diuretics. Also called water pills, these are medications help you to eliminate sodium and water further reducing blood volume.

Thiazide diuretics are often the first, but not the only, choice in high blood pressure medications.

  • Beta blockers. This medication increases the workload on your heart and also manages abnormal heart rhythms. They protect the heart and open its blood vessels, causing your heart to beat slower with less force.
  • Calcium channel blockers. They help you to relax muscles of your blood vessels making the heart rate steady. Generally, the trend shows that calcium channel blockers work better for elderly people.
  • Renin inhibitors. Renin, an enzyme produced by your kidneys that starts a chain of chemical steps which in a result increases blood pressure.

 

If you have a high blood pressure then it is recommended to go for a combination of low dose medication as it will be effective in the long run, finding a good combination of drugs also helps you to control the blood pressure under all times.

But for the best result, it is always recommended to see a doctor on a regular basis as he/she can address the issues in a much broader sense and will also help you to be in your limits.

Ouch! Does it hurt on the couch?

Pinodial Sinus Cyst Surgery in BangaloreWe all know how it feels when we take the pleasure of laying around on our favorite couch when we need it the most. Yeah, it’s the most relaxing thing ever right. Sit, lay back, roll over, read something or even watch TV, you feel the most like you are holidaying.

Now just think if these leisure’s of life are taken away and one is left with pain. If sitting for long duration, wearing tight clothing, and regular pain due to friction in one’s buttocks or just above it, creates an everyday problem in their day to day activities then the chances are high that they might have a sinus known as Pilonidal sinus cyst.

But nothing to worry “Every Problem has a solution attached to it, the only thing is we have to find it”. So, keep calm and let’s see how we can make the best out of one’s couch.

 

Pilonidal sinus cyst , So how it all started?

Once during the Second World War, thousands of US army jeep travelled for several days, in between the travel their condition became so bad they were not able to take rest for more than an hour at the same place further it got so widespread that they all developed the same disease it was nicknamed as “jeep seat” or “jeep disease” initially then later on due to advancement in science and technology it was renamed as “Pilonidal sinus cyst.”

 

What is this Pilonidal sinus cyst and how is it caused? 

It is a cyst or a lump on the cheek of the buttocks which is generally painful, causes swelling, makes the area red, often results in high fever and might cause weakness as well. This can also lead to “Pilonidal sinus cyst” in the long run which means pus that has built up within the tissue of the buttocks.

In a study done in the UK regarding Pilonidal sinus cyst, it is told that around 300 in every million people generally at age of 15 to 40 suffer from this.

Although the exact cause for this is not known doctors believe that changes in the hormonal tendencies, hair growth, and excessive sweating can be few of the reasons. Also, recent trends show that people who have a sitting job, having an irregular lifestyle and having hygienic issues can develop such kinds of diseases as well.

 

What are its symptoms which arise due to Pilonidal sinus cyst? 

The symptom can start from itchiness, as many people in the age range consume oily or fatty foods due to their busy work schedule and lack of time, resulting in reddening the area due to regular inching.

The next can be a hair loss in the affected area, making it more vulnerable resulting in more friction while sitting, walking or wearing tight clothes. Thus, if not treated at this stage may cause a cyst which may have higher implication causing thick pus or maybe blood draining from the abscess causing a foul smell.

It can cause regular pain, increasing the swelling and also can boil which can be pretty heartening.

Researchers also have proved that if not taken care at an early stage than the cyst can cause a permanent damage to the tissue of the skin.

list of general surgeries

How can a Pilonidal sinus cyst be treated? 

Generally, a Pilonidal sinus cyst can be diagnosed by at what stage it is and sometimes by location as well. The doctor has to examine the cyst to confirm a diagnosis; regular tests are also taken care focusing more towards the reason for the same.

Though there are many Treatment methods right from Conservative treating, antibiotic therapy, Lancing, or phenol injection it lot depends upon one’s day to day activity and hereditary issues.

For an early stage of symptom, it is recommendable to go with a conservative method wherein there is no such sign of inflammation and hair loss, the doctor can prescribe few medicines, paying high attention to regular hygiene and essential food. Also making sure one`s wearing clean clothes on a regular basis.

The second stage is antibiotic Therapy which means treating the wound externally. The doctor first analysis it as to what might have caused by asking several questions about day to day routine and then treats it accordingly. Lancing and Phenol Injection are processes which are used in the modern era of medicine, this is an external process which makes sure that the abysses in the body is completely removed it also be removed via a  small surgery but it also depends upon the patient how intense the cyst is and will operate it accordingly.

Above are some of the different ways on how to treat pilonidal sines but is it always recommendable and advisable to go for a medical consultation when symptoms arise.

 

 

What are the Precautions one need to take care?

So now we all have seen what Pilonidal sinus cyst is so it’s better if we take care beforehand. Some of the precautions can be as follows: –

  1. If there is excessive body hair then its recommendable to trim it so that it doesn’t get pulled off often.
  2. Reducing oily foods and removing junk food in one`s daily intake can be a great ad on.
  3. Avoid Sitting for a long duration at one place.
  4. If in family anybody had a history of Pilonidal sinus cyst then it’s better to go for a check up on a regular basis.
  5. Having regular baths or maybe taking bath twice a day.
  6. People, who are obese, make sure that they maintain a healthy diet and focus more on green leafy vegetables in their diet plan.

Though any disease can happen at any point but as they all say “Prevention is better than cure”. So why to take a second chance, let’s take action before it becomes a bigger issue in future.

And follow the above steps as it can help to reduce the occurring of such kinds of diseases and at least provide space in our busy lives for a leisurely couch experience.

Written By Ashlesh Kamath

 

Does your hernia wet your cornea ?

does your hernia wet your cornea

Does your hernia wet your cornea ?

What is a hernia? Do you have it? If you do have it, how do you know? Is it painful? Is it hereditary? What exactly causes it? Does the belly bump cause hernia, the lump? Do you need surgery to correct it? So many questions! Let’s start with addressing the first one.

What are the different types of hernia?

Depending upon the site of the uneventful, there are different types of hernias. Umbilical hernia, femoral hernia, incisional hernia, epigastric hernia and hiatal hernia. In this article, inguinal hernia is being discussed.

A Hernia – It’s an abnormal protrusion of an organ or part of it through a weak point in the body. Inguinal hernia is the most common one among hernias, affecting mainly men than women in 7:1 ratio, respectively. You don’t want equality in these matters ladies, trust me! Hernia can be direct or indirect. In GOT (game of thrones), remember Hodor? The scene where the white walkers attack Bran and they’re running for their lives? Hodor holds the door, So that the white walkers don’t kill Bran and turn him into one of them. If Hodor played security at the entrance of the tower and the white walkers still got in? It would be an indirect hernia. Here, the white walkers can be the abdominal viscera mainly the colon and Hodor is the deep inguinal ring. Similarly and also how it happened in GOT, Hodor stood at the back door of the tower and white walkers crawled out eventually. Here, it’s a direct hernia and the iconic Hodor, being the posterior wall of the inguinal canal.

What is this inguinal canal?

It is a muscular canal containing structures running through it. They are the spermatic cord (in males), round ligament (in females), Ilioinguinal nerve, there is a genital branch of what’s called a genitofemoral nerve and lastly remnant of processes vaginalis. The weak area of all groin hernias is the site between the inguinal ligament and the iliopubic tract called the myopectineal orifice of Fruchaud.

What causes hernia?

Sometimes, people are born with it. There can be a collagen disorder due to which the ligaments become weak, prune-belly syndrome is congenital and acquired collagen deficiency is due to smoking. Yes, smoking not only causes cancer but also hernia. They forgot to put that on the pack. Basically, anything increasing the intra-abdominal pressure adds to the causation of the hernia like coughing, constipation, ascites, obesity, pregnancy, straining during micturition and lifting heavy weights. Hernia cases have been recorded post appendectomy as well. does your hernia takes too much time to recover the answer to this question is, it takes a couple of weeks to recover and the way you maintain your daily diet.

Younger you are indirect hernia is a possibility and older you get direct hernia occurs. Inguinal hernia usually presents itself as a groin swelling and is painful in nature and it might be radiating to the umbilical region.

 

Normal investigations done for diagnosis are,

  • The routine blood tests and urine examination. The elderly might need an additional bunch few tests like a chest X-ray, ECG and PFTs. Urinary complaints are checked for prostatic enlargement and urethral problems.
  • Ultrasound can detect a sac where hernia cannot be diagnosed by clinical assessment. It is useful in postoperative swellings, hematoma and recurrence.
  • CT (computed tomography) for giant hernias.
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is ideal for sportsperson, to differentiate between muscle spasm and a hernia.

Treatment for a hernia depends on its presentation. Herniotomy, herniorrhaphy and hernioplasty are the three important operative techniques which are performed. For adolescent patients with hernia, herniotomy is preferred.

Herniorrhaphy – Modified bassini’s herniorrhaphy is in practice now for patients who have a good muscle tone with indirect and direct hernia. In this procedure, the surgeon repairs the stretched out ligament and herniotomy is also conducted. Shouldice repair is another type of herniorrhaphy where herniotomy is done with correction of the hernia using the surrounding tissues by absorbable and non-absorbable sutures in different layers.

The third operative method is the hernioplasty, which is done in patients with or without good muscle tone having indirect or direct hernia and also in recurrent hernia. This approach is done so as to strengthen the posterior wall of the inguinal canal. Firming up is done by repairing the weak posterior wall by a prolene mesh or Marlex mesh. A thick fibrous layer is hence formed as it acts as a foreign body and our immune system provides the required cement to it. An artificial deep ring is also done. This mesh technique is quiet brilliant as it has a long life, preferably socioeconomic; risk of infection is minimal when handled in a sterile environment and also due to its amazing biocompatibility. Prolene darning is also done in a few cases, which is basically sewing up the loose ends and making it stronger.

There are few other techniques like the Kuntz operation usually done in elderly, Mcvay, Nyphus repair, Stoppa repair, Marcy repair. Newer advancements are game changing procedures like the Dasarda technique, creating a hernia system which is exceptional and mesh plug repairs are gaining popularity as they have much better patient compliance.

https://surgeryxchange.com/moredetails/cost-of-hernia-surgery-in-bangalore

Laparoscopic surgery or open surgery? In my opinion, open is a better choice for this condition. But both have their own pros and cons. Open surgery does interfere with the bowl function. Also, if there are any complications during the laparoscopic surgery the surgeon would have to open up and go old school. Plus, open surgeries are cheaper as compared to laparoscopic but the recovery period varies indistinguishably.

Complications are often common after a surgery. They can be during, before or after the surgery. They aren’t worrisome but few need to be attended by the surgeon. Care must be taken to avoid post-operative wound infection by the patient or their care takers. In very few cases patients complain of lower abdominal pain a characteristic dragging pain months after surgery which might be due to injury to the surrounding nerves. This is treated by nerve blocks with anaesthetic agents and steroidal injections.

If hernia is not treated at the right moment it can give rise to a number of complications which are troublesome like,

  • An obstructed hernia.
  • A strangulated hernia is quiet notorious as it can cause shock and sepsis and need immediate surgical care as the bowel might get gangrenous.
  • A Sliding hernia is an incarcerated hernia in which the fecal matter may slide into it.
  • Inflammation is yet another impediment which might range out from a simple hernia to a life threatening one.
  • Recurrent hernia is common is 10 percent of the lot who has been treated earlier.

 

With all due advancements in the surgical and medical field hernia is one of the most common cases till date which need effective, relentless and instantaneous treatment. So, don’t ignore a lump because it is not so Gump.

Written By (Dr) Apoorva Manjunath