Soccer is one of the most common sports in the world. It is estimated that over one-quarter of a billion people play across the world. Soccer is the most loved sport in world due to this, the chances of injuries are high.Some of them are:

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one of four knee ligaments that are critical to the stability of the knee joint. ACL is the middle portion of the knee that checks the movement or change in speed from slow to fast or mostly change in quick direction.
    Causes: It occurs mostly while pivoting or landing from a jump or a severe collision between players.
    Surgery: The usual surgery for an ACL injury is called an ACL reconstruction. The darning of the anterior cruciate ligament is a possibility, and thus the ACL is restored using another ligament to substitute for the torn ligament.

  • dislocated shoulder occurs when the ball of upper arm bone is enforced fully out of its usual position on the shoulder socket. It is commonly associated with severe pain and unable to move your arm until it is relocated back into the socket.
    1. Traumatic shoulder dislocation
    2. Repetitive Shoulder Ligament Overstrain
    3. Multi-Directional Instability
    STAGE I-  Joint Reduction.
    STAGE II- Pain Relief. Minimize Swelling & Injury Protection.
    STAGE III- Maintain & Restore Muscle Control & Strength.
    STAGE IV- Restoring Normal ROM & Posture.
    STAGE V- Restoring Full Function.
    STAGE VI- Preventing a Recurrent Shoulder Dislocation.

  • spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord that causes temporary or permanent changes in its function. Signs of spinal cord injury may include loss of muscle function, feeling, or autonomic function in the parts of the body served by the spinal cord below the level of the injury.
    1. Severe collision between players.
    2. Knee hit from other players during matches or practice.
    SurgerySometimes it is used to remove certain items like fragmented bones, lodged objects, fractured vertebrae. This surgery is used to stabilize spine but does require a lot of bed rest and rehabilitation.

    SurgeryXchange is an online platform to reduce cost of hospitalization in India. The Social objective of right healthcare for all through access and affordability is addressed by SurgeryXchange. Get the right doctors, hospitals and be sure you need the surgery through our medical second opinion. SurgeryXchange also helps patients from Africa and other countries with easy access to medical care in India.





    When something that you love makes you weak in the knees!

    ACL surgery cost in bangalore

    When something that you love makes you weak in the knees!

    Before your mind runs wild, let me make it clear that this isn’t completely dirty and painful. Or is it? Each person is on their own, picking up what they like and love persuading towards that particular activity. While you’re at it, doing what you love there are often times when a small misjudgment or a miscalculation might end up giving months of terrible and excruciating pain. One such incident might be A LIGAMENT TEAR.

    Ligament tear usually occurs in the joints of our body when a great force is applied on a particular joint. Let’s focus on the knee joint as of now. Knee joint has 4 ligaments namely,

    • Anterior cruciate ligament(ACL)
    • Posterior cruciate ligament(PCL)
    • Medial cruciate ligament(MCL)
    • Lateral crucial ligament(LCL)

    These ligaments hold the knee joint in place and help in locking and unlocking the joint. When you walk, run, dance, gym or jump these ligaments work continuously. When the knee joint is locked, the greater force applied on it ends up tearing the ligament depending upon the direction of this unaided force.

    Injury to PCL – Ligament tears are also common in a road traffic accident. Usually in a car accident, the posterior cruciate ligament is torn. The harm occurs when the tibia is forced backwards to the femur. This is rather rare in a sport person whose anterior cruciate ligament is at risk.

    Injury to ACL – Twisting a semi flexed knee, which already made you say “ouch” is quite cumbersome to deal with as it often causes injury to the medial meniscus and MCL. (O’Donoghue triad)

    Injury to MCL – Any force the pushes the tibia towards the femur in an inside fashion causes the rupture of this ligament.

    Injury to LCL – MCL and LCL are attached to the either side of the joint, medial is on the inner side and lateral on the opposite. So the damage to the lateral ligament occurs when the force is applied to adduct the tibia to the femur.


    So now, describing the proper anatomy. The knee joint is a hinge joint.

    A hinge joint is one which is made up of more than 2 bones, and moves along one axis only. Elbow joint is another such synovial joint. Knee joint consists of the tibia and the femur, a tibio-femoral joint. Then there is patella which glides over the front of the tibial end of femur, forming patello-femoral joint. The knee Ligaments act like the joint’s best friend, providing support and stability. When this harmony is disturbed, a painful unstable state happens to be.

    The ligament injury can be associated with,

    • Chipping of the bone to which the ligament it is attached.
    • A mid-substance tear ( tear in the ligament)
    • Severity may vary on the tear being complete or incomplete.
    • One ligament involvement or more.

    The combination depends upon the force acting on the joint. More severe the injury   more intricate the treatment regimen gets.

    Diagnosis can be made through clinical examination and a detail on the event of the grievance. Complications that present with the tear are dislocation of the joint, blood clots, swelling. The pain maybe localized over the torn ligament. Radiological examination of the knee joint is important to check if the bone has been chipped off, which might have been avulsed from the ligament attachment. Contrary to the Stress X-rays, MRI is a non-invasive method to diagnose ligament injuries. Arthroscopic examination may be needed in few cases.

    Treatment of this condition was conventionally done by non-operative methods. Now that there are better techniques and with the recent advances better results are achieved through operative reconstruction. Operative reconstruction has become popular in high demand athletic individuals like Tom Brady, Alex Morgan Adrian Peterson and a lot more NBA players. Celebrity or not we are all made up of the same cells and same anatomy and ligament injury can be treated and normal functioning of the knee can be obtained and hence decreasing your time not spent on doing what you love.

    Methods that are undertaken are,

    • Conservative method – The blood clot/ hematoma is aspirated and the knee is immobilized in a cylinder cast or a knee immobilizer. If the injury is grade I or grade II, conservative method is successful for treatment. Followed by this, strengthening physiotherapy is required.
    • Operative methods – These are to be done when there is a combination of ligament injuries, involving multiple ligaments especially in young athletes or dancers. Usually the surgery is done 2-3 weeks after the injury when the inflammation is fairly reduced.

    What do the surgeons do actually? They first go by repairing the ligament. It is performed on grade III ligament tears, which means the ligament is completely torn. If the surgery is done after the 2-3 weeks, an additional reinforcement is provided by a tendon or fascial graft as the original torn ligament would have lost the strength due to complete tear.


    Secondly, they reconstruct the instable knee injuries which present later than usual. An allograft or an autograft of a tendon or a fascia lata is used; a synthetic graft can also be used. Auto is better than allo as there are lesser chances of rejection.


    Knee ligament tears are very common and are often undiagnosed. Ligament tears are usually not seen on X-rays and might get neglected. The usual presenting symptom is the instability of the knee joint. Treatment is biased depending upon the activity level of the patient. If you’re a ninja then you’ll probably need surgery. If you’re person who probably has a sedentary lifestyle, the doctor might perhaps recommend physiotherapy. Usually the ACL tends to get damaged more often than the others. ACL reconstruction is done with the help of an autograft and bio-absorbable screws. Arthroscopic ACL reconstruction is the surgery of choice as it is minimally invasive, and results are outstanding as the patients revert back to normal with negligible risks.

    By Dr Apoorva Manjunath.

    Orthopedic surgery

    Should I undergo Knee Replacement Surgery?


    Every year approximately 700,000 knee replacement procedures are performed in the United States of America. This number is projected to increase to 3.48 million procedures per year by 2030. However, this number represents the tip of the iceberg. An astounding number of patients, continue to look for pain relief and non-surgical treatment options.

    Most of them are advised weight loss, physiotherapy, braces, medications and injectables. While these treatment modalities are effective at initial stages of knee arthritis, at later stages they provide limited or no relief.

    Despite being in pain, patients often delay or avoid surgery. We asked our experts at SurgeryXchange, what are the most common apprehensions that patients have?

    Is knee replacement surgery the right decision for me?

    If your knee pain has aggravated to a point that you have pain at night or even when you’re resting, you might want to consider surgical treatment. If you have already tried medicines, injections, physiotherapy and still you’re bogged down with pain, surgery may be the only option. The most important question you need to answer is if pain or lack of mobility is hampering you from living a normal life, then yes, surgery is the answer.


    What happens during knee replacement surgery?

    Arthritis or osteoarthritis, which usually happens as age progresses, is a process that leads to wear and tear of the joint. The joint surface is covered by a smooth layer of a substance known as cartilage that allows smooth movement in the joint. With age, there is breakdown of this joint cartilage. The damage in turn, limits movement of the joint and causes pain. During knee replacement or arthroplasty, the surfaces of the knee which are damaged are removed and replaced with artificial material.


    How long does it take to recover from knee replacement surgery?

    The procedure last 1.5 to 2 hours. Physiotherapy is the cornerstone to recovery. Patients are discharged with 1-3 days. Patients can resume normal daily activities such as walking and bathing within several days of discharge. A trained physiotherapist assists them post-surgery and works closely with them over the next few weeks till they recover strength and mobility.


    How long does the new knee last?

    Scientific data suggests that for patients who got their joint replaced today have a 90-95% chance that their joint will last 10 years, and a 80-85% that it will last 20 years.



    How is life after knee replacement surgery different from the life before?

    More than 90 percent of patients suffering from severe pain and inability to walk experience a dramatic reduction in knee pain and a significant improvement in the ability to perform common activities. ( But the bigger gain is the impact on quality of life. Most patients describe the surgery as transformative, as it gives excellent pain relief and provides them with the ability to be independent in their day-to-day functioning of life.

    So, are you struggling with knee pain? If you’re having trouble getting up out of bed, going to the toilet or fetching yourself a glass of water, it’s time to consider surgery at  A thorough examination by an Orthopedic Surgeon should be the right next step. For booking an expert opinion, go here