Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics deals with the bones, Joints and the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons treat musculoskeletal issues, spine diseases, sports related injuries, degenerative bone diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.More Details
A knee replacement surgery also called knee arthroplasty involves removal of the damaged cartilage surfaces at the ends of the femur and tibia along with a small amount of underlying bone. This is replaced with metal components that recreate the surface of the joint. The undersurface of the patella (kneecap) is cut and resurfaced with a plastic button. For a smooth gliding surface a spacer is inserted between the metal components.
This is also known as total hip arthroplasty, The surgery means that the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components.The femoral head is replaced with a metal stem.. A metal or ceramic ball is placed on the upper part of the stem. This ball replaces the damaged femoral head that was removed.The acetabulum, the damaged cartilage surface of the socket is replaced with a metal socket..For a smooth gliding surface a spacer is inserted between the new ball and the socket to allow.
In total hip replacement, the femoral head(head of the thighbone) and the acetabulum (damaged socket) are both removed and replaced with metal, plastic, or ceramic components.In hip resurfacing, the femoral head is not removed, but is instead trimmed and capped with a smooth metal covering. However, just as in total hip replacement the damaged bone and cartilage within the socket are removed and replaced with a metal shell.
Shoulder replacement surgery involves removal of the damaged parts of the shoulder replacement with artificial components, called a prosthesis. The treatment could involve either replacement of just the head of the humerus bone (ball), or replacement of both the ball and the socket (glenoid). Over the years, shoulder joint replacement is getting recommended for many painful conditions of the shoulder, such as arthritis.
Ligament Tear Surgeries
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