Retinal Detachment is a serious eye condition that happens when your retina (a layer of tissue at the back of your eye that processes light) pulls away from the tissues that surround it. If the retina can't work properly when this happens, one needs to have the treatment to avoid vision loss. If not treated on time this can also result in blindness. This usually happens to people who are severely nearsighted, Had an eye injury or cataract surgery or have a family history of retinal detachment.
There are three types of retinal detachment-:
1)Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment- This is the most common type of retinal detachment. In rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, patients have a tear in their retina due to which fluid from within their eye enters through the opening and get behind your retina. The fluid disconnects the retina from the retinal pigment epithelium (the membrane that provides your retina with nourishment and oxygen), resulting in a retinal detachment.
2)Tractional retinal detachment- This occurs when scar tissue which is present on the retina’s surface contracts and causes your retina to pull away from the backside of your eye. This typically affects people with diabetes mellitus. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus can result in issues with the retinal vascular system, and this vascular damage can afterward lead to scar tissue accumulation in your eye that could cause retinal detachment.
3)Exudative detachment- In this type, there are no tears or breaks in your retina. Retinal diseases cause this type of detachment.
2)Suddenly seeing many floaters, which are small bits of debris that appear as black flecks or strings floating before your eye.
3)Sudden flashes of light that appear when looking to the side.4)Partial vision loss, which makes it seem as if a curtain has been pulled across your field of vision, with a dark shadowing effect.