In Phacoemulsification cataract surgery cloudy lens, cataract is removed using an ultrasonic device to improve vision. Phacoemulsification is usually immediately followed by the insertion of an intraocular lens (IOL).
Phacoemulsification (phaco), is used to bring back vision in patients whose vision has become cloudy because of cataracts. Normally in the first stages of a cataract, people may notice very little cloudiness as it affects only a small part of the lens of their eye. As the cataract start growing, it blocks more light and as a result, vision becomes cloudier. As vision start becoming worse, the surgeon will recommend cataract surgery, usually phaco, to get back clear vision. With advancements in cataract surgery such as the IOL, patients can sometimes experience a dramatic improvement in the vision.
As cataracts develop, patients may notice these common symptoms:
1)Gradual (and painless) onset of blurry vision
2)Frequent changes in prescription for corrective lenses
3)Poor vision in sunlight
4)Poor central vision
5)Increased glare from lights
6)Near vision improvement to the point where reading glasses may no longer be needed
Right after the surgery, the patient is monitored by the doctors in an outpatient recovery area. The patient should take rest at least for 24 hours until he or she returns to the surgeon's office for follow-up. The patient may feel drowsy and may experience some pain in his or her eyes or can have some sort of discomfort for which medications are advised for pain relief.If the patient is having other side effects like severe pain, nausea, or vomiting they should immediately report to the surgeon so that the treatment can be given accordingly.