Inside the kidneys there are tiny clusters of looping blood vessels. Each cluster is called a Glomerulus and the plural of it is called as Glomeruli which in Greek Language means filter.
Glomerular diseases damages the glomeruli, due to which protein and sometimes red blood cells leak into the urine. At times glomerular disease also interferes with the clearance of waste products by the kidney therefore they begin to build up in the blood. Loss of blood proteins like albumin in the urine results in a fall in their level in the bloodstream. Glomerular Disease may either occur alone or associate with various medical conditions like diabetes, lupus & certain other infections.
1)albuminuria : large amounts of protein in the urine
2)hematuria : blood in the urine
3)reduced filtration: inefficient filtering of wastes from the blood
4)hypoproteinemia : low blood protein
5)edema : swelling in parts of the body
Urinalysis gives you an information about kidney damage by letting you know levels of protein and red blood cells in the urine. Hence whenevr you have any of the the above mentioned symptoms it is really important to get the checkup done from the doctor to avail the proper treatment.