Oncology


Remarkable progress has been made in treatment of cancer and understanding of it in India. With the ability to cure this dreadful condition and to control it in the past few decades, including surgical techniques, radiation therapies and advanced imaging, oncologists can now see what is occurring at cellular levels to facilitate containing the spread of cancer. Success will follow as oncologists are united across geography in their pursuit to help patients overcome the menace of cancer.

What is Oncology?

Oncology is a medical science that deals with Cancer. It is a large set of diseases that pertains to abnormal growth of cells which has the potential to spread to various parts of the body. These rapidly growing cells attack adjoining parts of the body and subsequently affect other organs in the body as well. Neoplasms or malignant tumors are cells of abnormal growth that results in formation of lumps of mass. Approximately 14 million new cases of cancer were reported in 2012 and over the next 20 years it is expected to increase by 70%. In 2012 was 8.2 million cancer-related deaths were recorded.


Oncology Treatments in India and Cost

India is a preferred destination for cancer treatment and procedures. Oncology treatment costs in India are not only affordable but also are a fraction of what you normally pay in the developed countries.


Oncology/Cancer Treatments in India

Oncology treatment in India one of the best patients can get. Cancer surgery in India is not only among the best in the world but is also relatively cheaper when compared to most of the developed countries.


Prostate Cancer Surgery in India

One of the most common dreaded non-skin cancer is Prostate cancer. It is affecting men across around the world regardless of their nationalities. India offers low cost Prostate cancer surgery and yet is the best in quality which includes robotic surgery. Cancer treatments in India include a variety of procedures to deliver pain-free and successful results. Most of the best cancer hospitals and reputed surgeons in India are technically aware and adept of emerging trends. Apart from open surgeries, a variety of treatments now provides High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) to treat prostate cancer and minimally invasive surgery alternatives in India. This advanced technique does not need to remove prostate gland in entirety. Instead of which ultrasound beams are passed by robotic arm through rectum to destroy & evaporate all cells of prostate cancer


Liver Cancer

It is the Liver that filters blood continuously and in turn circulates converted nutrients and drugs absorbed from digestion as chemical elements that are ready-to-use. Apart from this the liver also performs numerous functions such as removing chemical wastes from blood stream and toxins. As the blood must essentially pass through the liver, it becomes vulnerable to cancer cells which are often found in the bloodstream.


Pancreatic Cancer

It typically spreads rapidly, and is rarely seen in early stages which is why it is a major cause of cancer death. Symptoms and Signs of disease may not be seen until cancer is in advanced stages. Pancreatic enzymes aid the secretion of hormones that regulate metabolism of sugar digestion and therefore complete surgical removal is almost impossible.


Gallbladder Cancer

Gallbladder Cancer begins in the gallbladder and there are good chances of cure if it is detected in early stages. It is however very difficult to diagnose in early stages as no specific signs or symptoms are produced. Gallbladders are relatively hidden under cover and store bile produced by liver. Thus it makes it really easy for gallbladder cancer to go unnoticed.


Cervical Cancer

Cervix is present at the lower part of the uterus opening into the vagina. The key to successful treatment is early detection and can be diagnosed easily by a Pap and smear test. It is one of the most common types of cancer found worldwide among women. Not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. However it is caused by a virus named Human Papillomavirus or HPV. This virus spread through sexual contact.


Ovarian Cancer

Starting in the ovary, Cells of Ovarian Cancer have the ability to invade or spread other parts of the body. Warning signals of this include cramps or ongoing pains in back or belly, abnormal vaginal bleeding and bloating, nausea. However, women who have ovulated more during their lifetime are at high risk of Ovarian Cancer. This depends largely upon the stage of cancer. Treatment for Ovarian Cancer includes surgery or chemotherapy.


Bone Cancer

This cancer can begin in any bone of the body and is an uncommon cancer. However, generally Bone Cancers are found to affect long bones of the legs and arms. Various types of bone cancers exist. Certain type of cancers occur primarily among children, while others mostly affect adults.


Oral Cancer

Oral Cancers largely appear as sore or growth in mouth which persists. Most commonly Oral Cancers include cancer of the cheeks, lips, floor of mouth, tongue, hard and soft palate, sinuses & pharynx which can be dangerous if not diagnosed & treated in early stages. Some of the Oral Cancer symptoms include swellings, thickenings, rough spots, bumps, lumps eroded areas on gums, crusts, lips or inside mouth areas, white or speckled patches, Velvety red, pain or tenderness, unexplained bleeding numbness or loss of feeling in mouth or neck areas or face are also possible warning signs.


Blood Cancer

Blood Cancers commonly affect production of blood cells and its functioning. Stem cells of bone marrow mature to develop into three types of blood cells, i.e red blood corpuscles (RBC) & white blood cells (WBC) and platelets. Most of the Blood Cancers start in bone marrow where uncontrolled growth of abnormal blood cells leads to interruption of normal blood cell development process. These cancerous blood cells stop blood from functioning many primary functions like stopping serious bleeding or fighting infection.


Lymphoma

Lymphoma occurs when lymphocytes are affected. These are type of white blood cells within the immune system. There are basically two types of Lymphomas differentiated as Hodgkin’s & Non-Hodgkin’s. People from any age group can be struck Lymphoma.Nevertheless young people are most commonly prone to it .This condition however is most cases treatable and the patients are found to live longer even after diagnosis while body’s ability to fight infection is Compromised.


Retinoblastoma

It is a cancer of the eye that begins in the retina.It is most common among young children but can also rarely occur in adults. This affects the sensitive lining on the inside of the eye .Generally Retinoblastoma symptoms include eye redness, eye swelling, appearance of white color in pupil when light is shown in eye and eyes appearing to look in different directions .This may occur in one or both eyes .Cancers are also passed from parents to children and mutations of gene increase risk of Retinoblastoma. A 50% probability of children developing this cancerous condition is seen in Hereditary Retinoblastoma where it is passed in autosomal dominant pattern.


Treatments for Cancer in India


Radiation Therapy

In this therapy the DNA of the cancerous tissue is destroyed from use of ionizing radiation thus destroying cancerous cells in the process. Considered as a local treatment-ray of higher energy beams are used for treatment of cancers within the body whereas x-rays of low energy are generally used for treating skin cancers. Radiation Therapy treatment is often aimed to & for relieving pain (palliation), prevent tumors from returning after surgery and shrink tumors before surgery,


Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves cytotoxic or anti-neoplastic drugs for Treatment of cancer. Chemotherapy treatment prevents infected areas from spreading and largely used so as to shrink & eliminate tumors. The effectiveness of Chemotherapy however depends on type and stage of cancer. Combination with surgery and Chemotherapy has proved effective in a numerous of cancer cases.


Immunotherapy

This therapy is also known as Biologic Therapy.A variety of therapies are used to stimulate disease fighting mechanisms within the body. Colony-stimulating factors and Interferon are two good examples which to fights cancers and restore immune system. Other specific types of biological therapies like vaccines & monoclonal are also being developed.


Open Surgery

Cancerous tissues from the body are physical removed. In treatment of most isolated solid cancer cases this is used a basic approach .It tries to eliminate the entire diseased mass along with, in specific cases, the nodes of lymph from affected areas. Surgery also assures diagnosis (biopsy) while checking how advanced the cancer has progressed.


Mohs’ Surgery

This treatment involves Progressive removal & duly examining layers of cancer containing skin until a point where only cancer-free skin remains. Most of skin cancer is removed while delivering less damage to the healthy tissue surrounding it. It is commonly performed under local anesthetic as an outpatient procedure.


PET Scans

This therapy uses nuclear-medicine imaging or radiation so as to produce a 3-D color image of functional processes in the human body. Pairs of gamma rays transmitted by tracers which are placed in body on biologically active molecules that are found by machinery especially in neuro-oncology. These images are subsequently reconstructed through computer analysis.


Alternative Therapies

Alternative therapies in India comprise of a varied group of healthcare services like Indian traditional Homeopathy, Ayurveda, and various other types of treatments. These treatments are used to slow or stop growth of hormone-sensitive tumors by targeting the hormone production system and their actions on the body

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