During fundoplication surgery, the upper curve of the stomach (the fundus) is wrapped around the esophagus and sewn into place so that the lower portion of the esophagus passes through a small tunnel of stomach muscle. This surgery strengthens the valve between the esophagus and stomach (lower esophageal sphincter), which stops acid from backing up into the esophagus as easily. This allows the esophagus to heal.
Pilonidal cystectomy is the surgical elimination of a pilonidal cyst or expand from a sinus it usually appears near buttocks upside. It may range from a simple procedure that involves removal of a minor amount of tissue.
Here are some of the risk factors that are developed during pilonidal cyst:
2.Deep natal cleft
A pilonidal cyst is caused by the presence of hair in involuted in epithelial tissue in the natal cleft. Some clinicians have made an opinion that this condition is a caused due to hereditary, the presence of hair in the natal cleft causes
Adrenalectomy is the surgical elimination of one or both adrenal glands. There is one adrenal gland on top of each kidney. The adrenal glands produces several hormones like aldosterone, cortisol, and sex harmones. The adrenal glands also produces adrenaline and noradrenaline in minor amounts.
Reasons for Procedure
Your adrenal gland may be treated if you have any of the following:
1. A large adrenal mass.
2. Adrenal cancer.
3. An adrenal mass that cannot be identified with a needle biopsy.
4. Diseases of the adrenal gland, causing it to make too much of a hormone such as Cushing's syndrome, Conn’s syndrome, and pheochromocytoma.
Pinealectomy is a surgical procedure which involvles in removing the pineal gland,surgery is performed when the tumors are malignant. The pineal gland is a section of the endocrine system that is responsible for producing melatonin, a hormone that plays a huge role in the body’s circadian behaviour. Pineal tumours affect not only sleep but also hormone production and other metabolic processes in the body.
Pinealectomy is performed for patients who are diagnosed with benign or malignant pineal tumour, which leads to the development of the following symptoms: nausea, abnormal levels of melatonin, consistent headaches, and vomiting.
Surgically removing the skin covering the tip of the penis is called circumcision. It's usually performed on a newborn boy before the baby's discharge.
Boys are born with a foreskin which covers the glans of the penis. In circumcision, the foreskin is removed to expose the upper part of the penis. It is a fast procedure that causes very little bleeding and stitches aren't needed. Older boys can be circumcised, but the procedure needs a bit more time. Post circumcision, a protective bandage may be placed over the wound, which generally takes a weak to heal.