Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine dealing with the eye. An ophthalmologist specializes in eye and vision care. An ophthalmologist diagnoses and treats all eye related diseases. And performs eye surgery if required to correct problems with the eye and vision.More Details
IOL is a synthetic, artificial lens replaced inside the eye through surgery in order to recover the focusing power of the human lens which is usually removed as part of cataract surgery. This option can be utilized in cases of cataract surgery for either one or both the eyes. IOL is a permanent fixture inside eye.
Glaucoma is a broad term which describes a group of ocular disorders which results in optic nerve damage and IntraOcular Pressure (IOP). Glaucoma is further bifurcated into Closed-Angle Glaucoma Open-Angle Glaucoma. Open-Angle Glaucoma usually develops slowly over long periods of time. This is however a painless process. It often does not displays any visible symptoms till the disease has progressed significantly. However, Closed-Angle Glaucoma is characterized by redness & sudden eye pain, vomiting and nausea. Sudden spike in intraocular pressure results in symptoms. This is absolutely a case of medical emergency. In certain cases, Glaucoma can permanently damage vision. Glaucoma
A cataract is a condition when the lens gets clouded inside the eye, causing vision loss that cannot be corrected with glasses, it can be treated by a LASIK surgery.
Eye pointing towards different direction due to strong muscle inside the eye is called as squint. One eye may be looking straight ahead while the other is turned downward, upward, outward or inward Muscles of the eye control movements of the eye. If one muscle is stronger than the other, the eye will be turned towards the direction of muscle which is stronger. This is how a squint is occurred. To treat this, one has to weaken the stronger muscle and strengthen the weaker muscle.
The only option for retinal detachment is surgery. Retinal Detachment Surgery aims to reattach retina so as to reverse or prevent the condition. Most retinal detachments can be successfully restored using pneumatic retinopexy, vitrectomy or sclera buckle surgery. Vision gets worse when the retina loses contact with supporting layers. Within few days of being diagnosed with retinal detachment, ophthalmologists would generally prescribe surgery. While macula is still attached, going in for surgery increases chances of saving vision. Precise timing is essential; therefore swift action is necessary for the success of surgery.
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