Surgical removal of vermiform appendix is known as Appendicectomy or Appendectomy. Normally performed in emergencies when patients are suffering from acute conditions of appendicitis, minimally invasive laparoscopic procedures are useful for diagnosis in doubt. Recovery is also quicker with laparoscopy procedures even though it is expensive and resource intensive compared to open surgery.
Consisting of surgical resection of colon, Colectomy is also an occasional term used to describe entire large intestine removal along with rectum (proctocolectomy). Common indications for Coloctomy generally include diverticulitis and diverticular disease of large intestine, colon cancer, trauma, typhlitis, bowel infarction, and inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Refering to a stoma or surgical opening, Ileostomy is normally sited above groin on the right side of abdomen. However, a patient must have adequate length of small intestine so as to be considered a fit case for Ileostomy.
Colostomy is surgical procedure which involves an incision in the anterior abdominal wall of the large intestine. Most common varieties of Colostomy include Loop Colostomy, End Colostomy or Double Barrel Colostomy.
When hemorrhoids which act as cushions during normal conditions become pathological as piles when swollen is a major cause of distress. Technically called Hemorrhoidal disease, they are usually painless with rectal bleeding in internal conditions. External hemorrhoids produce significant pain and swelling of anus. Constipation however seems to play a leading role in development of this condition. Initial treatments can include increase of oral fluids, fiber intake to relieve constipation with medications to help with pain and rest.