A surgery done to remove the vitreous gel from the center of the eye camera is called Vitrectomy. Some of the common reasons to undergo this surgery includes, when there is a retinal detachment or if blood in the vitreous gel (vitreous hemorrhage) does not clear automatically or on its own. When the vitreous gel is removed it gives your eye doctor better access to the back of the eye. Vitrectomy is done by an ophthalmologist who should definitely have special training in treating problems of the retina since this is very sensitive part of your eye and there is no chance of taking a risk in it.This surgery is considered risky. So some doctors wait to a year before they do surgery. The reason for this delay is that it lets them see if the vitreous gel will clear on its own. But if vitreous hemorrhage is causing severe vision loss or is affecting treatment of severe retinopathy surgery should be done sooner. Another advantage of getting the surgery done sooner is that it gives patient long-term results better. More it is delayed more chances of losing your vision.
Why It Is Done-:
1)To repair or prevent traction retinal detachment.
2)To repair very large tears in the retina.
3)To reduce vision loss caused by bleeding in the vitreous gel (vitreous hemorrhage). Surgery may be needed if bleeding is severe or the blood does not clear on its own.
4)To treat severe proliferative retinopathy.
Vitrectomy is considered as very sensitized surgery, therefore its really important to take extra care after the surgery and if the patient notices any unusual things after surgery or loss in vision S/he should immediately consult the doctor who did the surgery in order to get the right treatment at right time.