A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material which is formed within the kidney or urinary tract. The medical term used for kidney stones is Nephrolithiasis. 20% people develop kidney stones at some point in their life. Kidney stones are formed when there is a reduction in urine volume or when the stone-forming substances in the urine are really high. Dehydration is one of the biggest risk factor for kidney stone. Indication of existance of a kidney stone includes flank pain (can be quite severe) and blood in the urine (hematuria).
1)Severe pain in the groin and/or side
2)Burning sensation during urination
3)Fever and chills (if there is an infection)
4)Vomiting and nausea
5)Reduced amount of urine excreted
6)Persistent urge to urinate
7)Blood in urine
8)White blood cells or pus in the urine
A urologist can perform therapy called lithotripsy, a treatment that will break the kidney stone into smaller pieces which will allow it to pass through urine.Patients who have large stones located in regions where lithotripsy is not allowed may receive surgical procedures such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy kidney stone removal is must if alternate treatments doesn't effect (removal of the stone via an incision in the back) or ureteroscopic stone removal (removal of the stone via a thin tube into the urethra).
Kidney Stone Surgeon