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Nephrology

The Medical Science of Kidneys is Nephrology. One of the most important aspects of Nephrology is Kidney transplant. It involves implanting a kidney from a donor into the receiving patient through a surgery. After the surgery dialysis may not be required. . Healthcare infrastructure in India one of the best in the world. Nephrology surgeons in India are highly skilled, experienced & amongst the best. India provides advanced Nephrology practice and treatment, including organ transplant, at affordable costsWhat is Nephrology?Nephrology is the branch of medicine that deals with kidneys, its functions, & treatments. Kidneys are responsible for ridding our system of toxins, waste products, & excessive water. Kidneys also help in controlling the body’s balance of acid, base & electrolytes. Kidneys also secrete certain hormones. Patients suspected of having abnormalities of kidney are treated by nephrologists and urologists. Nephrologist, many a times together along with Urologist employ surgical procedures when required to deal with kidneys, bladder & urethral diseases. Children who develop kidney diseases are referred to Pediatric NephrologistsNephrology Treatments and its cost in IndiaPatients needing treatment in Nephrology may need medication,, surgical interventions and/or transplant of Kidneys Usually Nephrology diagnostic in India could be urine tests, blood tests, kidney function tests. Glomerular filtration rate exam & Biopsy for pathology of kidneys are suggested for diagnosis of certain medical ailments. Imaging procedures of the Kidney consist of ultrasound, MRI, CT scans or Renal Arteriography.

Treatment of Kidney disorder from DiabetesDiabetes Mellitus, is a medical condition in which is a result of insufficient production of insulin that causes a patient to end up with high blood glucose levels. High blood sugar typically causes frequent urination, an increased thirst & hunger. Diabetes is a long term medical condition. High blood sugar could affect the blood vessels and nerves in the body. This can also affect kidneys, resulting potentially in kidney failure. Diabetes also shows other symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain or unusual weight loss. Further patients can experience numbness, tingling in feet & hands . Male sexual dysfunction along with bruises and cuts that do not heal could also be a symptom of Diabetes. This is why diabetes should be monitored and dealt with promptly to avoid any complications.There are 3 types of Diabetes identified.Gestational DiabetesType 1 DiabetesType 2 Diabetes

Dialysis Treatment for patients with DiabetesPeople with end stage Kidney function failure need Dialysis. Dialysis is carried out with the help of a dialysis machine to remove waste, salts & excess water from blood. Mostly kidney failure is permanent, but there are exceptions. Dialysis helps keep body in a balance by ensuring a safe level of Chemicals like sodium, potassium in blood help keep the body balance. Dialysis helps in keeping them at controlled levels.In some specific cases however, dialysis may only be requiredlevel of Chemicals like sodium, potassium in blood help keep the body balance. Dialysis helps in keeping them at controlled levels.In some specific cases however, dialysis may only be required sis.

Renal OsteodystrophyWhen kidneys do not regulate calcium & phosphorous levels in blood it could lead to a bone disease called Renal Osteodystrophy. Children with this condition can be badly affected as it slows bone growth leading to deformities. Symptoms of Renal Osteodystrophy are not easily noticed in adults. If Renal Osteodystrophy is not treated it can affect the bones to become thin & weak, eventually leading to joint pain with increased risk of fractures. When kidney function fails, it stops producing calcitriol which is needed to absorb dietary calcium and phosphorus and pass it into the blood and bones. The body starts absorbing calcium and phosphorus from the bones, rendering them porous and soft.Imbalance in ElectrolytesElectrolytes are chemicals within the blood that regulate important body functions Magnesium, calcium, sodium & potassium are some electrolytes in the body. If they are not balanced they result in various medical conditions.Inadequate diet and vitamins in food, kidney disease, endocrine disorders & mal-absorption are causes for electrolyte imbalance. Diarrhea, vomiting, sweating or high fever that result in loss of body fluids can also cause electrolyte imbalance. Sometimes chemotherapy like tumor lysis syndrome also cause low blood calcium with high potassium levels and trigger electrolyte-related medical conditions.

Laparoscopic NephrectomyAs the name suggests this is a keyhole procedure It could take 3-4 hours depending upon the case. Normally, this done under General anesthesia 3 to 4 small incisions are made to create a path for laparoscope & surgical instruments in the abdomen. The kidney is removed from its enclosed bag & blood vessels are ligated. Patients prefer Laparoscopic Nephrectomy over traditional surgery as it normally has minimal blood loss & pain. Also the length of hospital stay & recovery time is usually less as compared to the traditional surgery.NephrectomyOften chronic infection, , calculus disease, obstruction or any severe traumatic injury can lead to damaged Kidney. Removal of infected or damaged kidney through a surgical procedure is called Nephrectomy. Nephrectomy is also carried out on a healthy kidney donor or a cadaver kidney donor, for transplantation to a receiver. When a tumor & or a thin rim of kidney is removed it is called partial Nephrectomy. Bilateral nephrectomy is the removal of both kidneys.Nephrolithotomy / NephrolithotripsyA keyhole procedure called Renal lithiasis is performed to remove kidney stones through a small incision. Minerals such as calcium oxalate, struvite, cysteine, uric acid and staghorn which are hard form renal calculi that are 1-2 cm large . Probes & long tube are used to crush and drain stones from kidneys. Extracorporeal Shock wave lithotripsy, is another method in which shock waves are targeted on the kidney stones. These stones and are broken into small pieces that are passed out of the body along with the urine.

Radical NephrectomyRadical Nephrectomy is the process of removing the Kidney along with associated gland, tissue, lymph nodes and tube. When there is a risk of morbidity and or severe complications or when Kidneys are affected by cancer Radical Nephrectomy may be advised. .

Kidney Surgery in India at low cost. Kidney Transplant Surgery is most Patients with kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease may choose to get a Kidney Transplant surgery done. This requires that there be a compatible donor. The patient seeking it is usually is placed on a wait list so as to receive kidney from donors. Unfortunately, this can take months during which time the patient will have depend on dialysis to remove waste from the bloodstream to stay alive.Polycystic Kidney Treatment in India at Low CostClusters of cysts develop in the Kidneys. This condition is called PKD or Polycystic Kidney Disease. These cysts are mostly noncancerous and vary in size. Cysts which contain water like fluid can grow larger as they accumulate more fluid. PKD can also lead to cysts other places in the body such as the liver and pose various complications. High blood pressure is one such common complication resulting from PKD. Kidney failure is also a common problem caused by PKD. Medical treatments and Lifestyle modifications help to reduce damage to kidneys from effects of high blood pressure.

HematuriaA condition where there is blood in urine is called Hematuria. Hematuria though mostly has benign causes it is necessary to rule out any major causes or disorder.

Glomerular DiseaseKidneys functions to filter toxins from blood & excrete them as urine and retain protein and RBC in the bloodstream. In Patients with Glomerular Disease just the opposite happens. The Kidney excretes Protein & RBC in urine and retains toxins. Glomerular Disease may either be a standalone disease or can be an associate with other medical conditions such as diabetes, & certain other infections.

Kidney Stone Treatment in IndiaNephrolithiasis or kidney stones are small, mineral & acid salt deposit inside the kidneys. Kidney stones could affect any part of the urinary tract, kidneys to bladder. If urine is concentrated it causes minerals to crystallize and form stones. Kidney stones can casue a lot of pain when passing it through the tract. .A patient is advised to consume plenty of water and given pain medication to manage passage through the tract. If stones are lodged within urinary tract it may have to be removed or dealt with surgically

Treatment of Kidney Diseases in IndiaIndia is one of the most favored place for kidney transplant in the world. Low coast and highly skilled kidney surgery in India includes transplant & treatment for kidney failure. The cost of Laparoscopic kidney transplant in India is very low compared to most other places in the world.

India is one of the most favored place for kidney transplant in the world. Low coast and highly skilled kidney surgery in India includes transplant & treatment for kidney failure. The cost of Laparoscopic kidney transplant in India is very low compared to most other places in the world.Benefits of Kidney TransplantationSurgeryXchange have several hospitals in India listed that can handle Kidney Transplant. Kidney transplantation has several benefits, Patient may no more need dialysisPatient has to take care but is allowed to travelPatients are energetic after the kidney transplant and can have uninhibited sexual indulgence.Legal Formalities for Kidney Transplant in India. Kidney donation in India requires that: Donors are between 18 to 55 years of ageDonors be healthy and not have high blood pressure, diabetes or cardiac problems, or other Kidney related illnessDonors should not have kidney problems that can be hereditary.receivers age has to be less than sixty years old.If they are close relatives including parents, grandparents, children, brother, sister, grandchildren, or spouse then the formalities of documentation for transplant are lesser and easier. If the donors are not such close relatives there are other formalities needed to be a qualified donor including no objection certificate from appropriate state bodies

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