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CARDIAC SURGERY Procedures

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CARDIAC SURGERY Procedures

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Description: Cardiovascular or heart surgery is the surgery performed on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons. Usually it is done to treat ischemic heart disease such as coronary artery bypass grafting. . It is also done to correct congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease rheumatic heart disease and atherosclerosis. Cardiac Surgeons also perform heart transplantation.

 
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CABG

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of surgery that improves blood flow to the heart. Surgeons use CABG to treat people who have severe coronary heart disease (CHD).CHD is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque (plak) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart.Over time, plaque can harden or rupture (break open). Hardened plaque narrows the coronary arteries and reduces the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This can cause chest pain or discomfort called angina.If the plaque ruptures, a blood clot can form on its surface. A
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DVR (including two valves)

Double valve replacement surgery is better known as heart valve replacement surgery. It is performed to treat the heart by replacing a damaged valve with a healthy one. The valve replacement keeps the heart safe and sound from further damage or infection. The human heart consists of four valves: the mitral valve, the tricuspid valve, the pulmonic valve and the aortic valve. These valves direct blood from and to the body throughout the heart. A defect, disease, damage or infection of the heart leads to the malfunction of any of the four valves. The severe malfunction of a heart valve
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Permanent Pacemaker (PPI) Single Chamber

Permanent pace-maker implantation involves placement of a single wire or lead (Single Chamber PPI) into the Right ventricular chamber of the heart (VVI; VVIR) or two wires or leads (Dual Chamber PPI), one each into the Right ventricle and the Right atrial chamber of the heart (DDD; DDDR). The entire procedure is done under local anaesthesia and the patient is conscious during the procedure. The lead or leads are introduced into the heart usually via a small needle puncture or punctures into the left axillary vein or subclavian vein, below the collar bone or clavicle. The lead or leads are
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Permanent Pacemaker (PPI)

An electronic device for permanent cardiac pacing. The leads are usually inserted transvenously through the subclavian or cephalic veins with leads positioned in the right atrium for atrial pacing or in the right ventricular apex for ventricular pacing. The leads are connected to the pulse generator, which is implanted in a subcutaneous pocket below the clavicle.
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Permanent Pacemaker (PPI) BiventricularPermanent Pacemaker (PPI) Biventricular

Permanent Pacemaker (PPI) BiventricularPermanent Pacemaker (PPI) Biventricular